TDR University – Tangible Book Value Per Share

The TDR Three Key Takeaways:

1. Liquidation Valuation Tool: Tangible Book Value Per Share strips down a company’s worth to tangible assets, providing a clear-cut liquidation valuation excluding intangibles like patents or goodwill.

2. Risk Assessment: It serves as a key indicator for gauging the safety of an investment, especially useful in volatile markets to estimate what investors could recover if a company liquidates.

3. Industry Specificity: The metric’s effectiveness varies by industry, offering more value in assessing companies with physical assets like manufactures over those in service-oriented sectors.

The Tangible Book Value Per Share is a straightforward yet very useful metric in financial analysis, providing a snapshot of a company’s breakup value through one simple number. It strips down a company’s net asset value to its most essential elements by excluding intangible assets and liabilities. Examples of intangible assets include patents, trademarks, and goodwill, which might have significant value on the books but can be less predictable in their liquidation value compared to physical assets. The metric was used a lot by the famous investor Benjamin Graham, a mentor to Warren Buffett.

The Calculation

Calculating the Tangible Book Value Per Share involves deducting the value of intangible assets and liabilities from the total assets. The resulting figure is then divided by the outstanding shares count. This formula yields a conservative estimate of what shareholders could expect to receive per share if the company were dissolved.

Benefits of Tangible Book Value Per Share

This metric is vital for assessing the safety margin of a stock, particularly in uncertain economic times. It is instrumental in evaluating a company’s financial health and is a critical factor in investment decision-making. If things go bad with the companies’ activities, it shows equity shareholders what they potentially could receive during a liquidation. Additionally, it serves as a comparative tool, enabling investors to benchmark companies within the same sector.

Limitations of Tangible Book Value Per Share

Despite its usefulness, the Tangible Book Value Per Share has limitations. It may not accurately reflect a company’s future potential, especially for firms whose value lies heavily in revenue from services. For example, SAAS or FinTech companies would show less Tangible Book Value Per Share than a manufacturing company that has buildings included in assets that could be sold.

My Take as an Analyst

From an analyst’s standpoint, Tangible Book Value Per Share is preferred over simple Book Value Per Share, particularly when considering the potential for liquidation. Intangible assets, while valuable in operation, often hold little worth if a company is forced to sell off assets. The tangible calculation provides a more accurate portrayal of a company’s financial foundation. Additionally, per-share metrics are favored for their ability to offer a swift comparison against a company’s share price, illustrating a clear picture of valuation at a glance.

You might also like

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More